YH 00463

THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

PRESENTED BY

PROF. CHARLES A. KOFOID AND MRS. PRUDENCE W. KOFOID

THE POWER OF THE DOG

The Power of the Dog

Twenty Plates in Colour

by MAUD EARL

DESCRIBED BY A. CROXTON SMITH

'I

HODDER AND STOUGHTON

LONDON NEW YORK TORONTO

PRINTED BY HENKT SfONE AND SON, LIMITED, BJNBURT

ILLUSTRATIONS

I. THE FOXHOUND

Foxhounds. Owned by Sir Hugo Fiteherbert, Bart.

II.

THE BLOODHOUND

*

Bloodhound " Cut Bono" Owned by Mrs. Burnett Burn

III.

THE POINTER

Pointer " Flax." Owned by William Arkwright, Esq.

IV. THE GREYHOUND

Greyhounds " Spirituelle" owned by Mr. R. N. Stollery. " Rupert of Debate," owned by Mr. E. V. Raynes

V. THE PYRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG

Pyrenean Mountain Dog " Milanollo Nethou." Owned by Lady Sybil Grant

BB70S96

VI. THE WELSH TERRIER

Welsh Terriers " Ch. Longmynd Pypyr " and " Longmynd Taffitus" Owned by Mrs. H. D. Greene

VII. THE SCOTTISH TERRIER

Scottish Terrier " Scotty" Owned by The Hon. Mrs. Charles Tufton

VIII. THE SEALYHAM TERRIER

Sealyham Terrier " Peer Gynt." Owned by Mr. Harry Jones

IX. THE FOX TERRIER

Fox Terrier Puppy

X. THE WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER

West Highland White Terriers " Tissie " and " Tanner" Owned by Mrs. Lionel Faudel Phillips

XI. THE MINIATURE BULLDOG

Miniature Bulldogs " Champion C/ievet Punch " and " Chevet Daisy." Owned by Lady Kathleen Pilfyngton

XII.

THE BULL TERRIER

Bull Terrier " Buller" Owned by Mr. Dawson

XIII. THE CHOW CHOW

Chow " Champion Papoose." Owned by Mrs. Lionel Faudel Phillips

XIV. THE PEKINGESE

Pekingese " Nan Tye of Newnham " and " Ch. Mai-Mai of Newnham." Owned by Mrs. William Herbert

XV. THE MINIATURE POMERANIAN

Miniature Pomeranian " Gatacre Betty." Owned by Mrs. Hall Walter

XVI. THE ENGLISH SPRINGER

English Springer " T 'is sing ton Flush." Owned by Sir Hugo Fitxherbert) Bart.

XVII. THE BOSTON TERRIER

Boston Terrier " "Jeffries Junior." Owned by Miss Claudia Lasell

XVIII. THE GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS

Griffons Eruxellois " Par£ Place Presto" "Park Place Pinkie" " Champion Park Place Partisan" and " Esperance." Owned by Miss Hall

XIX. THE MINIATURE POODLE

Miniature Poodle " Whippendell Pirouette." Owned by Miss Brunker

XX. A PEKINGESE PUPPY

Pekingese Puppy " Lu Chu of Newnham." Owned by Mrs. William Herbert

" Uncouple in the valley ; let them go;

And mar£ the musical confusion Of hounds and echo in conjunction,"

SHAKESPEARE A Midsummer Night's Dream.

FOXHO UNDS

Owned by Sir Hugo Fitzherhert, Bart.

THE FOXHOUND

On the sir aightest of legs, and the roundest of feet, With ribs like a frigate his timbers to meet, With a fashion and Ji ing and a form so complete, That to see him dance over the flags is a treat.

WHYTE MELVILLE.

AS fine a picture of the ideal foxhound as one could wish to put in print is conveyed by these words of Whyte Melville, although the further reminder is necessary that fashion and form without nose are in vain. The handsomest hound in the world is a sorry impostor if he will not own to the line when scent is light. Fox hunting is the essence of sport. There is nothing that can equal it, looking at it all round. Big game shooting has its excite- ments and hair breadth adventures, pig sticking in India, and hunting the wild boar in France are recreations fit for men, but when we come to consider the innumerable qualifications necessary to make a good follower of hounds the palm must be assigned to fox hunting. In the words of the immortal Mr. Jorrocks : " 'Unting is the sport of kings, the image of war without its guilt, and only five-and- twenty per cent, of its danger ! In that word ' 'unting,' wot a

ramification of knowledge is compressed ! The choice of an 'oss— the treatment of him when got the boots, the breeches, the saddle, the bridle, the 'ound, the 'untsman, the feeder, the Fox ! Oh, how that beautiful word Fox gladdens my 'eart, and warms the declinin' embers of my age. 4 The 'oss and the 'ound were made for each other, and natur' threw in the Fox as a connectin' link between the two.'

No other sport unites all classes to such an extent or brings men and women together in such wholesome rivalry. Courage, skill, judgment and self-restraint are only some of the qualities brought into play.

Boys to the hunting field. Though 'tis November, The wind's in the south ; but a word ere we start :

However excited, you'll please to remember That hunting's a science and riding an art.

The fox takes precedence of all from the covert,

The hunter's an animal purposely bred, After the pack to be ridden, not over,

Foxhounds are not reared to be knock'd on the head.

Pastime for princes, prime sport of our nation, Strength to their sinew, a bloom on their cheek ;

Health to the old, to the young recreation, All for enjoyment the hunting field seek.

No excuse is needed for quoting these words of Mr. Egerton Warburton, from a poem said by the late Duke of Westminster to

embody the whole code of honour and practice which it becomes a gentleman to obey in the hunting field.

That it is a costly amusement, goes without saying, especially if our Nimrod elects to hunt in one of the fashionable countries where the pace necessitates a large stud of horses, but there are still packs in existence which make more modest demands upon the purse, and perhaps show better hound work, even if fewer foxes are killed. The old trencher-fed packs, which provided sport at a minimum of expense, are, alas, disappearing, very few now being found in any part of the country. They had the advantage of interesting the farmers and small local men to an extent that is out of the question with other packs. Presumably the objections to the system were stronger than the advantages, otherwise it would not be allowed to fall into desuetude. On the one side, it may be said that hounds cared for by a number of people are less liable to suffer from diseases which are inevitable when many are kennelled together. On the other, hounds so reared cannot possibly be kept in the sound condition desirable for a hard day's work, and there was usually a lack of discipline in the field which was not always conducive to success.

The influence of fox hunting upon the social and economic side of rural life is one that should not be overlooked. It means that during the winter months thousands of wealthy men and

women are content to reside in the country who would otherwise hibernate in towns, and the money expended upon the keep of horses runs into enormous sums. Farmers may grumble at times at the damage clone, and contend that the compensation paid them is inadequate, but they get their own back with interest in other directions. What the future has in store for the sport is another matter. Fields may grow so unwieldly as to be a menace to agriculture ; Masters may find a pack too costly a luxury with a growing taxation and increasing outlay in other directions. In fact, many considerations might be urged which may, in years to come, be sufficiently potent to overcome the glamour and enthusiasm which now surround the pursuit. Who can say ?

A.S for the hound himself, what can be said that has not already been well said by hundreds of writers ? He is the very perfection of dog flesh, beautiful to look upon in his symmetry and strength. For many generations men have brought skill and experience to bear upon the improvement of nature, for nature in herself is not necessarily perfect. She supplies us with the raw material, which we mould and fashion to suit our intent. Some think that certain points are being pushed to extremes, such, for instance, as the craze for straight fronts. True, in a hound we want great bone carried well down to the feet, but it is not an uncommon thing to see the forelegs knuckling over in a manner which is dangerously near unsoundness.

" / have seen all things pass and all men go, under the shadow of the drifting leaf.''''

FIONA MACLEOD.

BLOODHOUND

" Cut Bono "

Oicncti by Mrs. Barnett Burn

THE BLOODHOUND

And hark ! and hark ! the deep-mouthed

Comes nigher still, and nighcr ; Bursts on the path a dark bloodhound, His tawny . muzzle tracked the ground, And his red eye shot Jire.

SCOTT

OF all the Saints in the calendar the sportsman has most reason to remember the goodly Abbot of the Ardennes, St. Hubert, after whom were named two strains of mighty hounds, the black and the white. Devotion to the memory of the founder of the Abbey induced successive Abbots to cherish the hounds, from which are descended the fine varieties found in France and Great Britain unto this day. William the Conqueror had the honour of introducing the bloodhound into this country, where he has remained ever since under several styles lyme hound, sleuth hound, etc. Right down the pages of history we find him popping up, some- times with sinister import, as when he nearly succeeded in bringing Robert Bruce into the hands of his pursuers. The fugitive escaped by the familiar device of wading along a burn :

Rycht to the burn thai passet ware, Bot the sleuth-hound made stinting thar, And waueryt lang type ta and fra, That he na certain gate couth ga ; Till at the last that John of Lorn Perseuvit the hund the sleuth had lorne.

So hard a-dying are old prejudices that unto this day this noble hound, gentlest of his kind, is regarded with a kind of awe. Time after time have I known a lady pet and fondle one, with the the remark, " What a beautiful creature. What kind of dog is he ? ' and when she has heard the dread name she has recoiled in fear. It is useless to tell her that one rarely sees a bad tempered bloodhound, that they are the kindliest mannered gentlemen that ever walked. She thinks of " Uncle Tom's Cabin," and associates the name in some way with a thirst for blood. That is sufficient.

In modern times the uses of the bloodhound, when properly applied, are wholly beneficent. Those marvellous scenting faculties of his, which astonish all who see them at their fullest development, may aid in bringing a criminal to justice or in discovering the whereabouts of a wanderer lost in the wilds. The hound little recks of the task to which he is being put. His not to reason why. Ask him to unravel the intricacies of an invisible track left by the body scent of a person who may have passed many hours earlier, and, if he be well trained, down goes his nose, and he will follow yard by yard until the missing one is found. This is no

imaginative picture conjured up by excessive devotion. That the thing can be done has been demonstrated times without number, and if there are failures, as failures there must be, we should not blame the hound so much as those who have had his education in hand. The instinct is present in practically all, although, naturally, it is more fully developed in some than others. All that is needed is for man to draw it out by his knowledge of hound work, aided by patience. It would be just about as stupid to expect a beginner to work a line eighteen hours cold as it would to chide a year-old infaAt for tumbling in his earliest essays to stand alone. Line upon line, precept upon precept. First a short distance, hot upon the footsteps of the runner ; then further afield and with a longer interval elapsing, until you may despatch the quarry over night and ask the hound in the morning to show you where he has been. As a further refinement in the educative processes the line may be crossed here and there by strangers, with the intent of teaching the tracker to discriminate between the true and the false. If he is worth his keep his sensitive olfactory nerves will have stored up impressions of the original scent which never can be effaced by any attempts to foil the track.

One of the great advantages of keeping a bloodhound is that the delicacies of hound work may be observed without the infliction of cruelty upon another animal, and at a small expense. At the same time one has the pleasure of feeling that in his possession is

an agent that may on occasion aid the police in tracing the where- abouts of a criminal, or in restoring a lost child to his home. Country gentlemen especially, with large estates, might rind a couple of bloodhounds more potent protection against the depredations of poachers than several keepers. I have heard of an estate in Ireland being entirely freed from this nuisance at very little cost. For companionship a bloodhound is more suited to the country than a town. Unless to the manner born, he is not as handy in avoiding traffic as dogs which are in the habit of relying upon their eyes and ears. His nose instinctively is near the ground, and unless your attention is on him he might easily blunder under motor or cart. If taken in hand when young he is as amenable to discipline as any other breed, and, owing to his affectionate disposition, he will become deeply attached to master or mistress.

His nostril wide into the mur^y air Sagacious of his quarry from so far"

MILTON Paradise Lost.

POINTER

" Flax "

Owned by William Arfovright, Esq.

THE POINTER

Stiff" by the tainted gale with open nose, Outstretched and finely sensible, draws full,

Fearful, and cautious, on the latent prey ; As in the sun the circling covey basl^

Their varied plumes, and, watchful every way, Through the rough stubble turn the secret eye.

THOMSON.

I

"AHE respective virtues of the Pointer and Setter have been discussed without stint for many years, the advocates of each retaining their opinions uninfluenced by the arguments on the other side. It may not be known that no less a person than Sir Walter Scott once had a mild hand in the game. In " St. Ronan's Well," if you turn to the account of the dinner party which led to much ill-humour, you will find these remarks : " The company were talking of shooting, the most animating topic of conversation among Scottish country gentlemen of the younger class, and Tyrrel had mentioned something of a favourite setter, an uncommonly handsome dog, from which he had been for some time separated, but which he expected would rejoin him in the course of next

week. 'A setter,' retorted Sir Bingo with a sneer; ' a pointer, I suppose you mean ? ' ' No, sir,1 said Tyrrel ; ' I am perfectly aware of the difference betwixt a setter and a pointer, and I know the old-fashioned setter is become unfashionable among modern sports- men. But I love my dog as a companion, as well as for his merits in the field ; and a setter is more sagacious, more attached, and fitter for his place on the hearth-rug, than a pointer-— not,' he added, ' from any deficiency of intellects on the pointer's part, but he is generally so abused while in the management of brutal breakers and grooms that he loses all excepting his professional accomplish- ments, of finding and standing steady to game.' '

Sir Bingo could not understand why one should wish for anything more. He never before heard that a setter was fit to follow any man's heels but a poacher's. Tyrrel's point was that " many people have been of opinion, that both dogs and men may follow sport indifferently well, though they do happen, at the same time, to be fit for mixing in friendly intercourse in society." A sentiment which we cordially approve. Whether the shooting man should select a Pointer or Setter to aid him in the field or on the moor resolves itself very largely into a question of individual taste. Either, .when well broken, is capable of carrying out his highly specialized duties with great skill, and no prettier sight can be imagined than a brace of these clever animals quartering the ground and coming to a statuesque point when the game is winded. Of

course, in externals the two breeds present many striking differences. Some admire the beautiful coat and gentle expression of the Setter, while others there are who declare that :

Loveliness

Needs not the foreign aid of ornament, But is, when unadorn'd, adorn'd the most.

In other words, form appeals more to them than coat. They dwell upon the handsome outline of the Pointer, his symmetrical, power- fully knit body, his straight legs and muscular quarters. The modern dog is not without his critics, however, who contend that a foxhound cross has been used in modern times as well as many years ago, and that the hound qualities introduced are detrimental rather than otherwise. It is urged that the duties demanded of the Pointer are even more exacting than those of the foxhound, as regards stamina, and that if the old dogs could perform them creditably there was no occasion to resort to outside blood, which developed a headstrong disposition that renders breaking more diffi- cult, and tends to unsteadiness. In justice to the other disputants, it should be explained that they deny the alien cross, and contend that, as the foxhound is a perfect piece of mechanism, Pointer breeders are justified in attempting to work up to such a worthy model. Although one does not ask for a potterer it is questionable if great pace in a gundog is either necessary or desirable, for the fast animal is liable to pass birds that a slower one would find.

After all, the truest test of excellence is finding birds for the guns, a feat in which the flashy worker is not always proficient.

In the innumerable letters which have appeared upon the subject I have never seen reference to the remarks of General Hutchinson. Possibly they have been quoted and escaped my observation. This gentleman, who is very rightly regarded as a sound authority, laid stress upon a sporting dog having small, round, hard feet, which he held to be a more certain test of endurance than any other point. " Rest assured, that the worst loined dogs with good feet are capable of more fatigue in stubble or heather than the most muscular and best loined, with fleshy ' under- standings.' The most enduring pointers I have ever seen hunted had more or less of the strain of the foxhound ; but doubtless they were proportionately hard to break."

A variety of Pointer not much seen now-a-days is the black, or Scottish, which, of course, is free from any imputations as to the purity of his lineage. He is said to be all that one could wish.

.... like greyhounds in the s/ips, Straining upon the start"

SHAKESPEARE Henry I '.

GREYHOUNDS

"Spirituelle"

Owned by Mr. R. N. Stollery

" Rupert of Debate " 0<wned by Mr. E. V. Rayties

THE GREYHOUND

" / see you stand li^e greyhounds in the slips, Straining upon the start. The game's afoot."

KING HENRY V.

EVER since primitive man was put to the necessity of plenishing the larder, dogs have been sub-divided into those that hunt by scent and those that pursue the game by sight. The most notable representative of the latter family is the greyhound, an ancient and persistent type discoverable in most parts of the world. Eastern countries furnish us with noble examples, which probably differ little in shape from the dogs used in the days of the Pharoahs, and from which, the chances are, our own were derived at some remote period. Malory thought it no anachronism to introduce the greyhound into his beautiful story of King Arthur and his knights. Does not the wife of Aries the cowherd explain how King Pellinore " took from me my greyhound, that I had at that time with me, and said he would keep the greyhound for my love." Malory was perfectly safe in his allusion, for centuries earlier carvings on monuments rescued from ancient Egypt, rude though

they muv be in their conception, have placed on record that dogs of this formation were common. It is not unreasonable to suggest that Egypt was the home of the race, whence they were distributed by means of caravans through the further East.

When we reach the Middle Ages we are on fairly solid ground, plenty of evidence being forthcoming as to the manner in which greyhounds were used. In France deer and wolves were hunted with them, but the fact that they were differently employed in this country leads Turbervile to write an original chapter upon the subject. " We here in England," he says, " do make great account of such pastime as is to be seen in coursing with Grey- houndes at Deare, Hare, Foxe, or such like, even of them selves, when there are neyther houndes hunting, nor other means to help them. So that I have thought it correspondent unto this myne enterprise, to set downe some briefe rules which I my self have seen observed in coursing with Greyhoundes. You shall understand then that we use three maner of courses with Greyhoundes here in England, that is at the Deare, at the Hare, and at the Foxe or other vermine." For coursing the deer, especially red deer, it was customary to divide the hounds into three ranks, viz., Teasers, Sidelays, and Backsets or Receytes. The duty of the Teasers, either a brace or a leash, was to start the quarry in a certain direction. Then, after some distance had been traversed, the Sidelays would be slipped, and being fresh, would probably take the deer. Failing

these recourse was had to the Backsets, which were slipped in the face of the oncoming animal, " to the end they may more amase him." This does not sound very sporting, but our author assures us that a red deer was so powerful that it sometimes took four or five brace of greyhounds to pull him down. Coursing the hare was set down as the nobler pastime. As in the present day, so in Elizabethan England, it was not the kill that determined the merit of a greyhound, but " he that giveth most Cotes, or most turnings, winneth the wager." At modern coursing meetings, if two hounds are alike in colour, one has to wear a red, the other a white collar, in order that the judge may be able to distinguish. Turbervile remarks: " For the better decidyng of all these questions, if it be a solempne assembly, they use to appoynt Judges whiche are expert in coursing, and shall stande on the hilles sides whether they perceyue the Hare will bende, to marke whiche dogge doeth best, and to give judgement thereof accordingly : some use when their Greyhoundes be both of a colour to binde a handkerchief aboute one of theyre neckes for a difference. But if it were my Dogge he shoulde not weare the handkerchef, for I coulde never yet see any dogge win the course which ware the handkerchef. And it standeth to good reason that he whiche wareth the hand- kerchef should be combred therewith, both bycause it gathereth winde, and also bycause it doth parteley stoppe a dogges breath." Strange that the expedient of making both wear different coloured handkerchiefs was not devised until a later date.

Turbervile says that the slowest greyhound that ever ran would overtake a fox, but owing to Reynard's propensity for showing fight it was desirable only to use old and crafty hounds. When a veteran caught a fox you would see him " thrust his fore- legges backwardes and fall upon him with his chest : and so save his legges from bytyng when he taketh the Fox."

The three centuries or more that have elapsed since these words were written have probably witnessed few changes in the conformation of the greyhound, the hare still adopts the same subterfuges when chased, but, of course, the rudimentary rules which then regulated the sport have been developed into an elaborate code. Such modifications as have been introduced into the structure of the dog in the course of the ages have been due to the changes in the nature of the quarry he was designed to hunt. The earliest dogs, though possessing similar outlines, were no doubt stronger and somewhat more coarsely built, and as the hare became the sole object of the chase the tendency would be to breed for greater refinement, and consequently more pace. It is almost impossible to imagine a more gracefully built animal than the greyhound of the present time.

Le temps s'en va, It' temps s'en va, ma dame .' Lus ! lc temps non ; mais nous nous en al/otis."

RONSARD.

PYRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG

" Milanollo Ntthou "

by Lady Syhil Grant

THE PTRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG

Seated by my side,

At my feet, So he breathed but air I breathed,

Satisfied !

BROWNING.

A\ the heavy train steamed into Willesden sounds of barking directed me to the compartment in which the pup was travelling. This, the first excursion from the kennels in which she had passed the three and a half months of her young life, was an event to be signalised by signs of disapproval. Strange voices, stranger modes of locomotion, were disturbing and disconcerting, and my friendly accents but quieted her momentarily. The protest was renewed as we proceeded by another train to the home that was soon to be friendly and familiar. As for us we were anxious to see the small creature with such expressive vocal organs. When the hamper was opened the most delightful little Teddy Bear imaginable bounded out and proceeded to introduce herself. A mass of white fluffy down, with here and there a splash of lemon, eloquent dark eyes, and plump as the proverbial partridge. That was PANDORE as we first knew her. Time only served to strengthen and

crystallize the early impressions. With manners as charming and irreproachable as her looks, before many days had passed she had won all hearts, becoming an important member of the household. That wise head of hers held brains which led her instinctively to adapt herself to her surroundings, and fall in with the habits and wishes of the human gods who formed her little world. Visitors, though tolerated as necessary evils, were regarded with signal disapproval, heavy bark and bared teeth warning that no evil intent must be harboured towards the inmates of the house.

As Pandore grew older the downy coat was shed, profuse long hair taking its place in gradual transition, and she became more and more intelligent, until we agreed that we had never, among our host of canine friends, met one so sensible. None, too, could be more expressive. When on mischief bent she displayed it with a roguishness of demeanour that earned absolution for the misdeed almost before it was perpetrated.

Greatly did she delight in a game of " catch as catch can " on the lawn with the children. Entering into the spirit of the fun she would romp round in endless gyrations, bushy tail extended to the full a few inches from hands ready to grasp, but she could calculate to a fraction, twisting and dodging with the art of a football player, until pity impelled her to pretend she could go on no longer. One could fill a book relating Pandore's escapades,

but further recital might weary. Let mention of her adventure with the garden hose suffice as an example of the rest. The curious serpentine length stretched out on the lawn interested her vastly, and when she heard the sissling noise made by the air escaping from the nozzle as the water came on down went her nose to investigate. A sudden jet full in the face caused a precipitate retreat, and now as the hose appears there is much commotion at a diplomatic distance.

These few words convey but inadequately the intelligence and charm of the Pyrenean Mountain dogs which Lady Sybil Grant is doing her best to acclimatise in this country. More delightful companions and trustworthy guardians could not be wished by the most exigent, nor is this surprising. For centuries they have lived in communion with their masters on the Pyrenean slopes, protecting the flocks from bears and wolves, or human depredators. With the practical disappearance of the former animals their vocation to an extent has gone, while the inherited instinct remains. They are no common sheep dogs, used to round up the flocks. In their native land, the shepherd, following the old Biblical custom, leads his sheep to the green pastures on the mountains with the advent of spring, and there they remain until winter approaches. Time was when severe toll would have been taken of the defenceless creatures during the long nights but for the unceasing watchfulness of the faithful Patous posted at various points.

As a French writer recently remarked, while by day the shepherd could exercise surveillance over the sheep, in the darkness this was impossible, and " il s'adjoignit done un gardien de nuit fort et redoutable, dont les aboiements fussent assez puissants pour etre entendus de loin et repetes par les echos de la montagne ; dont Todorat fut assez subtil pour suivre la piste des animaux sauvages et dangereux ; dont Intelligence fut assez developpee pour comprendre que, la nuit tombee, il avait seul la garde du troupeau ; enfin un compagnon dont I'affection et I'attachement pour les brebis fussent tels qu'il ne consentit jamais a se separer d'elles et qu'il exposat courageusement sa vie pour les proteger et les defendre, c'est ainsi que se constitua le vrai type des Pyreneens."

What is the type of the dog thus highly praised ? In size he

is nearly as tall as a St. Bernard, without being quite so heavily built, and, although his head is less massive, it is still sufficiently large to be in keeping with the body. The expression conveys dignity and serenity as if conscious of power. The long white coat is marked about the head and in one or two other places on the body with brindle or lemon splashes. The whole appearance is that of a large powerful animal, remarkably active for its size, and capable of much endurance.

" These twj hated with a hate Found only on the stage." ....

BYRON Don Juan.

WELSH TERRIERS

" Ch. Longmynd Pypyr " ^ " Longmynd Taffitus "

Owned by Mrs. H. D. Greene

THE WELSH TERRIER

Though it appear a little out of fashion, There is much care aud valour in this Welshman.

KING HENRY V.

OF one thing we may rest assured, the Prince of Wales will have no more devoted friend than the Welsh terrier Gwen presented to him by the miners of the Principality on his memorable visit to Carnarvon Castle. She comes of a race, homely looking, perhaps, but staunch to the core. " By the mess, ere theise eyes of mine take themselves to slomber, ai'll do gude service, or ai'll lig i' the grand for it; ay, or go to death; and ai'll pay't as valorously as I may, that sail I suerly do, that is the breff and the long." A very happy thought of the working men to make such a gift to their Prince, and long may Gwen live to fulfil his behests. As far as disposition goes one terrier is practically as good as another, all sharing characteristics in common. Taffy is neither better nor worse than the others. Any kind of vermin that comes along is fair game for him, if he only gets the chance of using his

powerful jaws. In the house he is a terror to tramps and all un- authorised intruders, his sharp ears at once detecting the advent of strange steps.

Your supercilious show man, who looks more upon the points of a dog than his inward qualities, may tell you that he lacks the quality of head seen in the fox terrier, and that his front is not always as true as could be wished. This may be perfectly correct, but on the other side one might point to his beautifully balanced proportions, and his naturally hard coat which demands little attention before he is fit to go into the ring. These, at any rate, are compensating advantages which should not be overlooked in striking a balance of his merits and defects. Greater length and fineness of head will come in time, and it is not usual to meet so many with bad front legs as we did a few years ago. There is no doubt that the breed is improving, and getting more widely dis- tributed. For a town dog the black and tan jacket has much to commend it, soiling less readily than that of a fox terrier. Indeed, one could not ask for a dog that causes less trouble, and this surely is a consideration in the eyes of busy men and women.

Time was when men were found to declare that the Welsh terrier was nothing more or less than the old-fashioned black and tan wire haired terrier once common in England, but they have re- tired worsted from the fray, and Welshmen are left in possession of

the field. A satisfactory ending on the whole, for it would be a thousand pities to rob little Wales of her most typical contribution to the domestic canidce. She has, too, her Springer and Cocker spaniels, both handsome dogs, but fewer in numbers, and some years ago she had also rough coated hounds, sturdy and hardy, as befitted the nature of the country in which they had to work. Unfortunately, they have practically disappeared.

The fact that the old English and the Welsh terriers displayed similar markings must not be used as an argument capable of being pushed to any great extent, for this is a colour that crops up in most breeds, and is therefore suggestive in many ways. Mr. R. I. Pocock, an authority to whom we must defer with respect, urges that it is potentially present in all, and from this fact he finds justification for the argument in favour of a descent from the wolf and jackal. A comparison will show that the tan on dogs is distributed, with the exception of the spots over the eyes, in a manner precisely identical with the light markings on the wild animals. His conclusion is that the black and tan pattern is a nigrescent variation, saved from being completely melanistic by the pale areas turning tan instead of black like the rest of the body, tan or red in dogs, as in men and other animals, being an inter- mediate stage in colour between black and white. The point is interesting, especially to bulldog men, who debar a black and tan from winning prizes on the score that the colour denotes a bar

sinister. We should rather prefer to consider it as a reversion to the natural marking.

In any case, we see no reason for questioning the purity of the Welsh terrier's lineage. Centuries ago, perhaps, he may have come from the general stock, but he has been a separate entity sufficiently long to win him a place as a product of the Principality. As was to be expected, before dog shows came into vogue, and with them the necessity of a general standard for every variety, a good many different types were observable. So they were in every other breed. This is inevitable until a family likeness has become fixed by united effort on the part of owners. Even this generic likeness admits of variations, for it is an easy thing to recognise the dogs coming from certain kennels, the skill of an individual stamping minor characteristics which others fail to catch and perpetuate, though working upon the same material.

Perhaps it was right to dissemble your love, But -why did you fycl^ me downstairs?"

]. P. KEMBLE.

SCOTTISH TERRIER " Scotty"

Owned by the Hon. Mrs. Charles Tuftoii

THE SCOTTISH TERRIER

" The labour ive delight in physics pain."

MACBETH.

SHORT legged, long bodied terriers have been indigenous to Scotland for more centuries than history records. Something comes to us from the second half of the sixteenth century, when the Bishop of Ross wrote of a scenting dog, " of low height, indeed, but of bulkier body, which, creeping into subterraneous burrows, routs out foxes, badgers, martens, and wild cats from their lurking places and dens. Then, if he at any time finds the passage too narrow, opens himself a way with his feet, and that with so great labour that he frequently perishes through his own exertions." No matter what changes and modifications may have been since introduced by the skill of man, the bedrock fact remains that the Bishop's dogs were fashioned much on the lines of the aristocrats of the show bench to-day. Why Scotland should be prolific in terriers of the long and low shape, while England and Ireland are satisfied with those of a normal height is one of those things difficult of explanation. Theoretically, one would naturally imagine

that the Scottish terrier, the subject of this sketch, the West High- lander, the Skye, the Dandie Dinmont, and the Cairn, would be better adapted for entering narrow earths than the fox terrier, but men of experience hold that it is not so much the length of leg which determines a dog's capacity for going to ground as his general shape, and a good fox terrier proves in a practical manner, to the refutation of logicians, that he is equal to the task.

As time goes it is but a brief period since the Scottish terrier emerged from the general ruck to take coherent shape, different from his fellows, but, if modern ideas are correct, we may gather some impression of what he was like by glancing at the Cairn terriers the next occasion that serves, for these are believed by many to be the aboriginal terrier whence the others have sprung. Whether the Dandie Dinmont so originated or not I should not like to hazard a conjecture without going further into the matter. The name, of course, only came into being after Scott had written " Guy Mannering," but the dog was there before the book, and before Mr. James Davidson of Hindlee, who is persistently credited with being the personage from whom Dinmont was drawn, although Sir Walter has told us the character was a composite one. There have been people to declare that the Dandie sprang from some Eastern dogs imported into Scotland an idea which should not be in- herently improbable, especially when we know for a certainty that the Egyptians some three thousand years ago had animals of this

conformation. The rough coat would be Nature's method of compensating for the rigours of climate.

The Scottie is a stout hearted little fellow with plenty of pugnacity, qualities which stand him in good stead when, in his native land, he is asked to turn the fox out of his lair in the rocks. The task is' not always easy, but the labour in which he delights physics pain, and he proceeds with zest to bring Reynard to his master's gun, for in Scotland vulpicide is no sin. In the rough country hounds are useless, and foxes are to be kept under or they will become a nuisance. In the South we have no better occupation for this solemn looking little man than to win prizes for us on the show bench, or to act as a companion for us in our homes and on our walks. This he does with much fidelity, winning his way into our hearts by his pleasing manners. In habits he has a good deal of independence, which calls for care in his early training if we would have him all an inmate of the house should be. He has the merit, too, of attaching himself exclusively to master or mistress, without the spaniel-like fawning upon strangers which may at times be very provoking.

English folk are very acquisitive, annexing dogs from all parts of the habitable globe. Why they should have been so long in finding out the Scottish terrier is one of those things which cannot well be explained, and when they did decree that he was worthy of

recognition they insisted upon foisting upon him the localised name of " Aberdeen," under which he still goes among many who do not keep themselves informed in kennel affairs. It was not long before Scottie became the rage ; again we have to thank the shows. Now there is scarcely a street in which he is not to be met. In his finest form, the flower of fine breeding, and with points that put him in front of his fellows, he is worth much money, but in the more homely guise of one discarded as being " not quite good enough " his worth is not esteemed highly. Fortunately, the majority of people are not worried about type and club standards, simply asking for a dog that is intelligent, faithful, and biddable, who will assume his position as a suitable member of the household. If we can get one combining these features with a satisfactory pedigree perhaps on the whole it is more agreeable, the average man preferring to feel that he has the correct thing, though he may not know anything about it in reality. It is perfectly true, too, that breeding is as apparent in a dog as it is in a horse or a man. There is an indefinable something that betokens class.

.... But his zeal

None seconded, as out of season judged,

Or singular and rash;"

MILTON Paradise Lost.

SEALTHAM TERRIER